Comparative Analysis Between Ad Hoc Human Rights Court in Indonesia and Special Panel For Serious Crimes in East Timor



Andrey Sujatmoko[2]

  1. A.     Historical Background

East Timor is located in the eastern part of Timor, an island in the Indonesian archipelago that lies between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean. East Timor includes the enclave of Oecussi, which is located within West Timor (Indonesia). After Indonesia, East Timor’s closest neighbor is Australia, 400 miles to the south. It is semiarid and mountainous.[3]

East Timor has become part of Indonesia after integrating to the Republic of Indonesia base on the Balibo Declaration. The declaration was declared by some local pro-Indonesia political parties, such as APODETI, KOTA, UDT, on 30 November 1975 in Balibo, East Timor. Previously, East Timor was a Portuguese colony since the sixteenth century. Further, under Decree of People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia (MPR) Number 6 of 1978 on Integration of East Timor to the Republic of Indonesia and Act Number 7 of 1976 on Ratification of Integration of East Timor to the Republic of Indonesia and Establishment of East Timor Province. After that, East Timor officially became the 27th province of Indonesia. Read the rest of this entry »